New housing, retail, business and leisure developments must be planned in such a way that the people who use them are not dependent on cars.
New development needs sustainable transport
Sustainable development takes place when public and active transport are put at the centre of planning.
- Plans for house building can encourage well-connected, high-density communities where walking and cycling are the norm
- Efforts to revive the high street need not amount to loosening of parking restrictions, but can focus on plans for thriving, attractive and accessible public spaces where people want to be
- Development that supports jobs doesn't have to be a faceless out-of-town development surrounded by a huge car park, but can be a regeneration project where people arrive via high-quality public transport networks
Our 2015 report, Getting there: How sustainable transport can support new development, shows how all of this is possible.
'Sustainable transport checklist' for planners
The report entitled Masterplanning Checklist for Sustainable Transport in New Developments, published by Campaign for Better Transport in 2008 but still as relevant today, examines a number of factors which affect car use by residents of new developments including: location, density, land-use mix, street layout and design, public transport provision, parking, car restraint, and the existence of smart travel behaviour change programmes
Based on this evidence it sets out a sustainable Transport Masterplanning Checklist which can be used as a practical guide by local authority councillors, planners and developers to create new housing development which facilitates sustainable travel patterns. It is also of practical relevance to policy-making at regional, sub-regional and national levels.
The principles underlying the Masterplanning Checklist are broadly similar to those of the approach to planning often known as 'smart growth'.